The world is now closely connected because of a man-made boon ‘Networking’. One can now reach their near ones in a jiffy on their electronic devices be it mobile phones, computers, tablets, many more.
All this was made possible because of the G’s of networking.
The changes with globalisation were made accessible to the world by the introduction of the first generation of networking. Popularly we know these G’s of networking as 1G, 2G, 3G, 4G and now the new one is 5G or the fifth generation.
Our connectivity to the world completely relies on its speed and the signal strength. This signal strength is indicated by these 2Gs, 3Gs, and 4Gs of networking. Each generation has a network standard that supports the technological developments of the telephonic system.
The History of Networking G’s
- 1G – First Generation
The entry of first-generation analog cell phone of the world was run during the late ’70s. A full-fledged 1G network came into existence by 1987 by Telstra. The highest speed of 1G internet was 2.4 kbps.
- 2G – Second Generation
A major upgrade to 1G was the introduction of SMS and VOICE call services. 1G flipped to 2G with a changed network service, 1G used analog network and 2G used digital networks. The highest speed of 2G network is 50Kbps.
- 3G – Third Generation
Addition of the amazing features that we enjoy today was added at this stage. The smartphone technology of email, web browsing, photo sharing, videos, and audio download are some of the best features. It came into action since 2001 with the highest speed of 2mbps or 384 Kbps.
- 4G – Fourth Generation
It was developed to provide high speed, capacity, and quality. The fourth-generation network follows two networks standards WiMAX and LTE. No buffering was another amazing addition by the 4G network. The phones with 4G are backwards compatible making it easy to run on 3G and 2G networks.
- 5G – Fifth Generation
A new wireless advancement in networking format is 5G. It will be one of the fastest and strongest networks the world has ever seen. The process of downloading, sharing, live streaming, working and playing is going to be smooth and with lower lags. According to a recent market research report the smart communities, education, industries, and working are going to shift to the fifth generation.
Every new generation of the wireless network that works fast and efficiently acts as an add-on to our smartphone technology. The first generation brought us cell phones, 2G let us text for the first time, 3G brought us closer by bringing live platforms online and 4G gave us the speed that we needed. The number of users increased but the efficiency of 4G was still the same which ultimately led to the discovery of 5G network in India and abroad.
Global 5G Infrastructure Market Status (2015-2019) and Forecast (2020-2025) Get a Free Sample Now!
What does 5G Network Offer?
5G is the next generation of wireless networking that is capable of handling 1000 times more traffic. This fifth-generation is will be providing 10-time faster connectivity as compared to any previous versions. 5G is so precise that a full HD movie can be downloaded under a second. A market research study shows that 5G will support greater innovation by making virtual reality, autonomous driving, and other internet of things. The new generation of the network is built on five brand new technologies that are millimetre waves, small cells, massive MIMO, beamforming, and full-duplex.
How does this 5G Network Run?
- The 5G is based on new radio technology OFDM (thogonal frequency-division multiplexing).
- It uses 5G NR air interface technological principle of OFDM along with a bandwidth of 6GHz and mmWave.
- It provides noticeably higher speed as it is widely used by network operators as a reliable source of boosting the current 4G core.
- The speed of this network is based on its spectrum band on which the 5G technology is operating.
- For better processing and higher efficiency, ample investment is necessary for new masts and transmitters.
Organization administrators are creating two sorts of 5G administrations
5G Fixed Wireless:
This wireless broadband administration applies to homes and even for huge organizations without the mess of wiring. For this process, the network administrators send NRs in small cell destinations close to structures to radiate a sign to a beneficiary. Fixed broadband administrations are required to make it more affordable. Administrators need to convey broadband administration to homes and organizations personally. As this methodology does not require fibre-optic lines laid for each home. It just needs to introduce fiber optics to cell locales, and the clients get broadband administrations through modems situated in their homes or organizations.
5G cell administrations allow clients to administrate’ 5G cell organizations. It started in 2019 when the main 5G-empowered gadgets turned out to be monetarily accessible.
Types of 5G Networks
High band 5G:
It is the fastest means of networking as it transmits messages almost immediately. It is highly recommended for 5G innovative labs, industries, healthcare, etc. 5G operates on a higher bandwidth with higher mmWave so the wider the spectrum the more devices it can occupy.
Medium band 5G:
5G networks are used vastly in metropolitan cities. Medium band 5G is six times faster than that of 4G network. Data speed of mid-band 5G is higher however it covers smaller areas only compared to a low band.
Low band 5G:
It has nationwide coverage and is best known as a blanket layer network. It is 20% faster compared to 4G LTE. One tower of 5G will transmit the same level of frequencies for around 100 square miles of area. This technology covers more rural areas.
Countries currently leading for 5G networking include the USA, China, South Korea, Turkey and Japan.
The global 5G Technology market is segmented into North America [U.S., Canada, Mexico], Europe [Germany, UK, France, Italy, Rest of Europe], Asia-Pacific [China, India, Japan, South Korea, Southeast Asia, Australia, Rest of Asia Pacific], South America [Brazil, Argentina, Rest of Latin America], the Middle East & Africa [GCC, North Africa, South Africa, Rest of the Middle East and Africa].
A recent market research report by Statzy Market Research forecasted that the global 5G Technology market will grow constantly for the period from 2021 to 2026. Factors driving the market are the significant developments and demands along with constant technological improvements due to COVID-19 and geo-economics.